|Location:||2nd Floor, Wing B, Jumuia Place, Lenana Road
P.O. Box 22591-00400, Nairobi
|GSM:||0722 203-199, 0733 363-630|
|Telephone:||+ 254-020-2714346 / 2714354 / 2714355|
Situation AnalysisIn Kenya, the unmet need for family planning is at 25% which creates a gap between the actual and desired family size. This means that couples are having more children than they had initially intended to due to lack of access to modern family planning methods. As high as 17% of births in Kenyan are reported as unwanted or unplanned while 25% are mistimed or wanted later.
Women are reported to generally want to have fewer children with an ideal family size of 3.9 children as compared to men who want an average of 4.3 children. Couples in rural areas have far more children (5.2) as compared to their urban counterparts (2.9 Children). This can largely be attributed to the fact that unmet family planning needs tend to be higher among rural women (27%) as compared to urban women (20%). Use of contraceptives is also generally lower in rural areas in comparison to urban areas with family planning use reported at 43% and 53% respectively.
In addition use of family planning tends to drastically increase with the level of education. 60% of women with a secondary education and above reported to be more likely to use family planning compared to women with a primary school education (40%) or those that do not have any formal schooling (14%).
49% of married women attested to the fact that they did not wish to have any more children while 27% alluded to the fact that they wanted to wait (space) for 2 years before they could have another child. Cultural norms have also placed the burden of family planning entirely on women although evidence indicates higher levels of family planning usage among women who have the approval and support of their husbands.
The need to have collective participation of both husband and wife in family planning issues is important as this would hugely increase the contraceptive prevalence rate in Kenya.